What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible


^ What About Genesis?
It is time to change gears dramatically. In chapters three through five it was shown that a materialistic presupposition about the universe—one which assumes that there is no God—is What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible not consistent with the evidence. The evidence leads to the conclusion that universe was created. Scientific knowledge leaves virtually no doubt that life was created as well. There is a creator. The What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible fingerprint of God’s inscrutable intelligence and his spectacular power are found everywhere we look. As the psalmist said, “I am fearfully and wonderfully мейд.” (Psalm 139:14)

If we have seen sufficient evidence to What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible conclude there was a creator, a reasonable question follows: What is the nature of the cCreator? Which “God” created life? Was it Allah (the Muslim God)? Was it Brahman (the chief What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible of the Hindu gods)? Was it the God of the Bible? Maybe it was some still-unknown God who has chosen not to reveal himself to mankind. Maybe the deist is right What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible. Perhaps there isare a power and an intelligence behind creation, but this power is impersonal—not caring to be intervene in thehis creation. Can knowledge of science play some role in What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible answering this all-important question about the creator?

Questions about the laws of nature do not play a significant part in the Bible. Its principle theme is God’s desire to have What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible a relationship with mankind. However, the Bible does contain information and claims with implications for science. Careful analysis of the parts of the Bible which shine light on the laws of nature provide dramatic What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible evidence that the creator of the universe has revealed himself in this great book.

It is the author’s opinion that questions of science and the Bible are not the primary proof What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible of the inspiration of the Bible. In my book on general Christian apologetics,62 it occupies only one chapter out of ten. We will see that biblical science provides strong support What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible to faith in the divine nature of the Bible. However, even more convincing evidence for the inspiration of the Bible may be found in Mmessianic prophecies, evidence for the resurrection of Jesus What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible Christ, in the internal consistency of the Bible, in its historical reliability and other topics. While other areas may give even more dramatic evidence for the Bible than that provided by science, a careful What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible and thoughtful investigation of how science relates to the Bible will provide a leg of strong support for belief in its divine authorship.

Not all people will agree that science supports What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible belief in the Bible. The statement of the well known atheist and Bible critic Delos B. McKown represents a very common line of thought about the Bible:63

Christianity is scientifically unsupported and probably What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible insupportable, philosophically suspect at best and disreputable at worst, and historically fraudulent.


This statement represents a typical attitude of a broad spectrum of intellectuals toward the Bible, especially as What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible it relates to scientific knowledge. As early as the eighteenth century, Scottish philosopher David Hume was making claims that the Bible contains myths which are unsubstantiated by scientific discovery. It is easy What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible to claim that the Old Testament is full of myths and scientific blunders. The question we will ask is, Ddoes this claim of scientific error in the Bible stand up to an open-minded What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible and reasoned analysis of the Scripture?

Those who would criticize the Bible often begin by confidently pointing out the Genesis “myth” as proof of the ignorance of the writers of the Bible What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible. Let it be conceded that whoever wrote the account in the first chapter of Genesis was not a trained scientist. The questions remain: Which part of the Genesis creation account is What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible mythical? Where are the scientific errors? We will see that the creation account in Genesis shows uncanny scientific insight. It is the very lack of scientific sophistication of the Jews who What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible wrote Genesis which makes the evidence for inspiration all the more striking. Let us look carefully at the Genesis creation account.

Before going into detail, it will be helpful to review the first chapter of What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible Genesis in order to get an overview of the creation story. As a starting point to understanding the creation account in Genesis, consider the following outline:


1. God existed before the creation What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible of the universe.


2. God created the universe out of nothing.


3. After he created the universe, God created life.


4. Last of all, God created human beings.


Where is the scientific error in this What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible outline? We have already seen that the scientific evidence strongly supports the belief that the universe was created “out of nothing.” The evidence is also strong that life was created—that What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible it was not the result of random natural processes. Scientists agree that the origin of человек разумный is a very recent phenomenon on earth’s time scale. Is there anything in the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible broad outline of Genesis chapter one in conflict with the established facts of science? Does Genesis get the order of things wrong? In fact, is it possible that Genesis offers a more What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible reasonable explanation of how the universe got here “out of nothing” than the materialist/naturalistic alternative?

The agnostictheist can describe the big bang, but cannot explain how or why it happened. The What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible Bible’s explanation is not “scientific,” but it does not conflict with science. The bBig bBang theory has the universe appearing out of nothing, in agreement with the Genesis account. The mystery ofunderlying the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible Big Bang theory is that it cannot explain what caused the unfathomable burst of energy which initiated the universe. There is strong evidence that the Big Bang occurred, but What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible what caused the creation event? Is there any scientific precedent for such massive amounts of energy suddenly appearing out of nothing? Conclusive proof that the Big Bang actually happened will prove elusive What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible, but the biblical account can explain how and why it happened.

What about the creation of life? The Bible claims in Genesis that life in it many forms was created by God. Despite What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible many bold statements to the contrary, the fact is that scientists cannot provide a believable naturalistic explanation of how life began. The supernatural creation of life may be unsettling to many scientists What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible, but the laws of nature seem to demand it. Atheists may not be willing to admit it, but the existence of life on the earth seems to be the result of a miracle What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible. God takes credit for this miracle in the Genesis creation account.

In addition, one finds in Genesis the claim that the ultimatefinal life form created by God, was man himself. Fossil evidence What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible shows man, the most intelligent of all creatures, to be one of the most recent species to appear on the earth. Again, the outline of the Genesis creation account parallels scientific evidence.

Let What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible it be pointed out that the biblical explanation of creation is not a scientific one. The creation of the universe and the creation of life have no “scientific” explanation. Why What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible is that? Unless one excludes the supernatural from consideration before looking at the evidence, the best, the most reasonable conclusion, is that the origin of life is supernatural—a miracle. The supernatural is What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible, by definition, not scientific. We have already seen that the closer one looks at the unimaginable complexity of even the simplest life forms, the stronger the case for miraculous creation What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible becomes. In addition, the more physicists explore the possible origins of the universe, the more strongly the evidence requires a supernatural explanation for its origins. The important ppoint to be мейд here is thatis that What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible the Bible gets the details rightjust happens to get it right, despite the fact that theits writers had little if any scientific training or knowledge to draw on as What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible they wrote. Genesis has First God first, then the creation of the universe, then the creation of life, finally, the creation ofthen man. The striking accuracy of the biblical creation account will be мейд What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible even more obvious when we look at it in detail and when we compare it to the creation accounts of other cultures.

Now let us take a closer look at the details of What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible Genesis chapter one. To quote a few phrases from the first five verses. “In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth... And God said, ‘Let there be What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible light,’ and there was light... And there was evening, and there was morning—the first day.” Genesis describes six “days” of creation. A number of approaches to understand the Genesis creation account have What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible been proposed and defended. To simplify the discussion somewhat, we will narrow the alternatives to four theories which span the main ideas which have been defended.64


1. ^ The Literal Theory. This approach takes What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible the entire Genesis account in its literal, face-value sense, including six twenty-four-hour days of creation. This would imply that the earth is very young.


2. The Gap Theory. This approach allows What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible for a very old earth, but also six literal days of creation. It proposes that there is a huge “gap” of time between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2. At the end if the initial period What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible, God caused a global cataclysm which wiped out most or all of the former creation. The proposal is that Genesis 1:2-31 is actually a re-creation of life by God which What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible happened just a few thousand years ago.


3. ^ The Day/Age Theory. This approach takes the account in Genesis one as a chronological outline from God of what he did in creating the earth What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible. Supporters of the day/age theory assume that the six “days” are not literal, but represent geological ages over which creation occurred. The writer of the creation account in Genesis What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible used a common literary device of the Jews in order to explain God’s creation to scientifically unsophisticated readers.


4. ^ The Genesis Myth Theory. Followers of this school of thought completely discount the Genesis creation story What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible. It has no validity historically or scientifically. The biblical creation story is one of a number of similar creation “myths” which were a common feature of ancient cultures—a nice piece What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible of poetry with theological but not scientific significance.


To the person who is not aware of the evidence for the inspiration of the Bible, the fourth approach makes perfect sense. In a What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible secular/humanistic culture for which science has become a virtual alternative religion, why consider a book over two thousand years old as a source of truth, especially about the laws What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible of nature? However, for the person who recognizes that scientificce knowledge demands creation of the universe and implies creation of life, the idea of supernatural creation by God deserves attention. Scientific materialism is What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible a strong force in our culture. Despite this, most people ask themselves the big questions of life. “How did I get here?” “Why am I here?” and “Where am I going What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible?” Humans have an innate sense that there is a purpose to life. If science cannot explain the origin and purpose of man, perhaps the creator revealed himself in some other way. Many Ppeople What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible asking such questions will inevitably end up reading the Bible. There, the open-minded person will find marks of inspiration in the Genesis creation account.

To the person who recognizes the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible Bible “...as it actually is, the word of God” (1 Thessalonians 2:13), the fourth choice does not work. The idea that the Bible contains fables is inconsistent with what he or she already knows What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible to be true. Hopefully, this belief in inspiration is not an untested assumption, but rather a conclusion derived at least in part from the evidence. However, even for the believer, it is an honest What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible and good intellectual exercise to at least consider the possibility that the Genesis creation account is a fable or a myth. We have already seen that intellectual honesty requires that we What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible not assume the answer before asking the question.


^ THE “LITERAL” INTERPRETATION OF GENESIS CHAPTER ONE


Let us explore the first alternative described above: the literal, face-value interpretation of Genesis chapter one. There are What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible two important points we should mention about the literal interpretation with its six twenty-four hour days. First, for those of us who areone familiar with Western culture and thought, this would beis What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible the most obvious interpretation of the chapter. If one were to simply read the first chapter of Genesis, without looking through the lens of modern-day scientific discovery, and What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible without knowing the traditional modes of expression in Hebrew literature, the literal interpretation seems to be the most obvious one. The Near Eastern literary norms of a Hebrew writer might imply something different What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible, but to the Western mind, with its emphasis on analytical thinking it seems pretty obvious. “And there was evening, and there was morning the first day…” One cannot blame the literalist for concluding What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible that this implies a twenty-four-hour period.

This leads to the second key point of consideration for the literal interpretation of Genesis. The fact is that the earth appears to be billions What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible of years old. The empirical evidence is unanimous about this. Despite the attempts of the young earth creationists to fabricate an alternate view, the earth appears to be ancient. We What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible will not review the scientific evidence already presented, but one can summarize as follows: there is an apparent conflict between the face-value, literal interpretation of Genesis chapter one and scientific evidence.

So What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible how can the literal interpretation of the creation account be reconciled with the facts of science? If we take as given that the universe and life were both created, as was What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible very strongly indicated in chapters three and four, the question which remains is the means and timing of their creation. This leaves us with a theological question. Could an all-knowing and What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible all-powerful God create the world in six twenty-four-hour days? The answer is obviously, yes. To the person who is convinced that the Bible is inspired, and that the God of the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible Bible is all-powerful, the literal interpretation of the creation account in the first chapter of Genesis is quite reasonable.

John the Baptist told the self-confident Pharisees who considered Abraham their What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible father that “out of these stones God can raise up children for Abraham.” When Jesus created enough bread and fish to feed five thousand people, the bread and fish were created with What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible an “appearance of age” (John 6:1-13). (Matthew 3:9)In fact, the fish was cooked already. It would be difficult to determine how “hard” it is for God to do these sorts of things, but What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible one thing we can be confident of is that the universe exists, and it was designed by a creator. Creation with an appearance of age is not necessarily bad What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible theology.

Remember, though, that the literal interpretation of Genesis is not “scientific.” It cannot be verified or disproven by any conceivable experiment.It should be noted, however, that the literal interpretation of Genesis What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible is not a scientific theory. By definition, a scientific theory concerns measurable physical quantitiesknown or measurable physical facts, which are governed by predictable natural laws. A miraculous event, if it occurs, is What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible clearly a violation of these natural laws. If God formed the earth from nothing, that would violate Tthe law of conservation of mass was violated when Jesus мейд fish out of What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible nothing that day by the Sea of Galilee! This “theory” that God created the world in six twenty-four hour periods, even if it is true, is not something to be taught in science classes What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible. It couldan be mentioned as a theological explanation, but not as a scientific alternative to classical scientific theories.alternative, but it is not verifiable by any scientific experiment. Although science What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible can be used to support the concept of creation, it cannot prove a particular miracle occurred.

Some Christians are defensive about this point, but they should not be. Those committed to What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible reviewing these issues carefully ought should not to be intimidated by creationists into accepting the untenable position that scientific evidence supports creation of all living species within a span of four twenty-four hour What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible periodsan age of the earth of only a few thousand years. As discussed in earlier chapter two,s science does not support a young earth; neither can it support the recent creation of What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible all species. The literal understanding of Genesis chapter one is not scientific by any definition of science. It is a theological belief in a one-time miraculous event, based on faith in What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible the Bible, not on empirical evidence.Being based on belief in a miraculous event, it cannot be disproved by science, but it is not scientific. It is a belief What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible based primarily on faith in the truthfulness of the Bible.

For those who take the Genesis creation account at face value, please let the author play “devil’s advocate” in order to challenge their What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible thinking. First, if all the species that have ever existed were originally formed within just a few days of each otherthe earth is only a few thousand years old, how can the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible fossil record be explained? It includes such apparently ancient species as dinosaurs and trilobites buried under hundreds or even thousands of feet of younger-appearing sediment and fossils. One could turn to the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible flood theory (chapter ten), but the flood cannot explain the entire fossil record without abusing the empirical evidence and a common-sense application of natural laws. We must deal What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible with this kind of hard evidence with integrity. The fact is that if the literal twenty-four hour day interpretation of Genesis one is appliedearth is only ten-thousand years old or less, then dinosaurs What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible never lived and neither did trilobites. There were no ancient fern forests which created great beds of coal as most of us were taught in science classes. Bogus claims of dinosaur tracks What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible appearing together with supposed human footprints not withstanding, if the earth is only a few thousand years old, then triceratops, pterodactyls and a host of other species found only as ancient What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible fossils never lived. It seems impossible to reconcile the fossil and sedimentary evidence with both a few thousand year-old earth and the existence of some of these apparently ancient What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible species.

And do not forget the problem of light arriving at the earth from galaxies which appear to be hundreds of millions or even billions of light years distant. Throw in the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible apparent ages of rocks, the empirical evidence for the validity of the Big Bang theory and many other seemingly solid scientific conclusions. All this makes it clear that, at least on the face What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible of it, the literal interpretation of Genesis chapter one is in stark contrast with scientific evidenceBesides, what about distant galaxies, hundreds of millions or even billions of light years away from us? How What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible has the light from a galaxy at a distance of one billion light years managed to reach us if the universe itself is only several thousand years old? Why are we not What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible seeing new stars suddenly appear in the sky whose light has finally reached us after traveling through space since their creation?

There are many similar questions that could be asked, a What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible few of which were raised in the second chapter. . How will the person who takes Genesis chapter one at face value answer these questions? More to the point, how will they answer these questions What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible without resorting to the false claims of young earth creation science?

These are good questions, but perhaps there is a reasonable answer which does not require abusing the scientific evidence What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible. A person who isThose who are incl inclined to the literal interpretation of Genesis might reply that God can do whatever he chooses to do. It is not our place to What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible speak for God. “But who are you, O man, to talk back to God? Shall what is formed say to him who formed it, ‘Why did you make me like this?’” (Romans 9:20) If What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible God said “and there was evening, and there was morning—the first day,” by faith, I believe what he said. I prefer to learn the lesson of Job, who tried to What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible put words into God’s mouth. God replied to Job, (Job 38:2-4)


Who is this that darkens my counsel with words without knowledge?

Brace yourself like a man; I will question you and What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible you will answer me.

Where were you when I laid the earth’s foundation? Tell me if you understand.

Who marked off its dimensions? Surely you know.


The literalist might conclude that What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible wby stating that when God created the world, he created it with an appearance of age. When the earth was formed, it included fossils already imbedded in the ground. Also, at the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible moment wWhen God created the stars, he also created light on a path from the stars to the earth, just as if they had already been there for a very long time.

The one playing What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible “devil’s advocate” might come back with the question, “Why did God put fossils of animals in the ground if they never even lived? If the earth is in fact What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible young, why did God make it appear old? Was God trying to test our faith?” If the earth as we observe it really was created in six twenty-four hour periods is young What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible, some might even go so far as to say this would imply God is deceiving us.

To be honest, this is the main reason I personally reject the literal interpretation. I What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible reject it, not because it does not agree with the science, but because it raises troubling philosophical and theological questions about God. In the end, I will have to admit that What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible what troubles me may not trouble God. I do not know the mind of God. As far as I am concerned, God can create the world any way he wants. He certainly What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible did not consult my opinion when he created.65 Let the readers decide for themselves about this theory.

To summarize, is the literal interpretation of Genesis scientific—can it be reconciled with empirical evidence? The answer What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible is no. On the other хэнд, couldmight it nevertheless be true if we resort to supernatural explanation? The answer is yes. The literal interpretation relies on faith in the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible inerrancy of the Bible rather than scientific evidence. Faith in biblical inerrancy is not blind. Fulfilled prophecy, historical accuracy, the amazing words of Jesus, the internal consistency of the Bible and many other evidences support What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible belief in the accuracy of the Bible. Creation with an appearance of age is a theological claim of a supernatural creation. For this reason, science will never be able to prove or What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible disprove this theory. Although there are some reasonable philosophical criticisms of this theory, it seems that we should respect the intellectual and spiritual right of others to hold to the literal What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible interpretation of Genesis chapter one.


^ THE GAP THEORY


There is a sense in which the gap theory is a compromise between the literal interpretation and the day/age theory of Genesis one What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible. This explanation was not originated in response to modern science. Christian writers in the first centuries, as well as some in the Middle Ages proposed ideas similar to gap theology. Modern gap theorists surmise What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible that Genesis 1:1 is a summary of all cosmological time, including the creation of the universe, of the earth and of life. “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible.” There is a massive “gap” of time from the initial creation to the events which begin in Genesis 1:2. This gap would includincludes the expansion of the universe, the formation of the sun What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible and the earth, the creation of life and so forth. Genesis 1:2 begins, “Now the earth was formless and empty,…” The Hebrew hayetah, which is translated “was” in most versions can also What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible be translated as “became.” Based on this relatively uncommon translation of the word, gap theorists propose that at a point several thousand years ago, God caused a world-wide cataclysm to What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible erase the prior creation. The earth “became” (rather than “was”) void.

Starting from this presupposition, those who hold to the gap theory propose that God recreated the natural world in six, twenty-four What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible hour periods. According to the modern version of this view, animals such as dinosaurs, which had gone extinct long before Genesis 1:2, were not recreated. Rather, only plants and animals which were around What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible at the great cataclysm were recreated on days three through six.

Gap theorists have sought theological justification for the earth’s creation being swept clean before the first creation day. They have What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible claimed that the cause was a rebellion of Satan and allied rebel angels. The wiping out of creation was God’s way of repairing the damage done by Satan and his angels What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible. This theory was popularized in the early twentieth century by the influential study Bible of C. I. Scofield.66 Unfortunately for gap theorists, theological justification for this theory from the text in Genesis is completely What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible absent. Scofield uses a weak argument based on belief that Isaiah 14:11-23 is a reference to Lucifer, or Satan. This argument is weak because from the context, Isaiah 14:11-23 is about God What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible’s judgment on Babylon, not about Satan’s fall from heaven.

Although this theory predates the scientific revolution of the sixteenth century, it can be seen as a way to preserve both empirical What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible science and literal twenty-four hour days of creation. Unfortunately, as with many compromises between logical opposites, it fails to accomplish its goal. One can argue that this theory cannot be disproved, but What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible there is no biblical justification for imposing a global cataclysm onto Genesis 1:2. There does not seem to be any logical motivation for God to wipe out his creation at What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible this point. In the absence of a clear theological imperative or any biblical hint of this cataclysm (other than a questionable interpretation of one Hebrew word), it seems best to put the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible theory aside. This attempt to combine science and the literal interpretation finds no scientific or biblical justification.


^ THE DAY/AGE THEORY OF GENESIS CHAPTER ONE


Let us now analyze our third proposed explanation of the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible Genesis creation account: the day/age theory. Those who use this theory generally believe that the Genesis account is an accurate depiction of the sequence of events in God’s creation. However, they What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible propose that the phrase, “and there was evening and there was morning, the first day,” was meant by the Genesis writer to be taken metaphorically. In other words, according to the day What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible/age theorists, the “days” of creation are not to be taken literally, but as a literary device. Rather than six “days” of creation, they believe in six “ages” They propose that What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible the Genesis creation account is God’s way of explaining to his people how he created the world—that it is accurate in describing what happened, but metaphorical in describing What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible the actual amount of time involved. Neither the level of scientific knowledge nor the vocabulary of the Hebrew language would allow God to reveal the concepts of genetics, geology, chemistry or physics What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible necessary to fully explain what he did when he created the world.

Young earth creationists, atheists and even some liberal theologians argue that the genesis of this theory is not good Bible interpretation. They What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible claim that the day/age theory was created in the twentieth century as an expedient way to sustain biblical inerrancy in the face of new scientific evidence which came to What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible light infrom the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. In other words, science, not good hermeneutics,67 was the impulse for the day/age theory. Such critics may have a point, but it is worth What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible noting that theologians proposed the non-literal interpretation of Genesis chapter one long before the scientific revolution. Philo, a Jewish theologian of the first century AD, proposed that the days of Genesis represent What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible periods of time rather than literal days. Influential Christian writers such as Origen (3rd century), Augustine (5th century) and Thomas Aquinas (13th century) allowed for non-literal days. These writers interpreted Genesis one What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible metaphorically for philosophical or theological reasons, not because scientists were looking over their shoulders.

In defense of the non-literal day interpretation, we should remember that the Bible is not a What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible science book. The Old Testament was not written to explain cosmology or geology, but to reveal the nature of God [to scientifically unsophisticated Hebrews necessary?]. .The day/age supporter makes the point that to What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible expect a Near Eastern author in the second millennium BC to write a literal creation story would be a cultural anachronism. This was not the style of expression of the day What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible. When we allow ancient Near Eastern ways of thinking to influence our reading of scientifically relevant statements in the Old Testament, we will find that there is a striking agreement What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible between the Bible and empirical science.

To further illustrate this point, let us look at the creation account in more detail. Assume for the moment that the account is given from the point What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible of view of an observer at the surface of the earth (Genesis 1:1). This “observer” would first note that the sun, as it was formed, began to produce light. When the earth took shape it What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible was spinning, and there were already periods of light and darkness (Genesis 1:3). Later, as the earth “evolved” through volcanic action, a separate atmosphere and ocean formed (Genesis 1:6-8). Next, as What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible the planet cooled, lighter rock such as quartz and granite rose above the heavier basalt. Tectonic plates of this lighter material rose high enough to appear above the surface of the oceans What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible, creating the first continents (Genesis 1:9,10). God created the first life forms (Genesis 1:11-13), gymnosperms (non-fruit bearing) before angiosperms (fruit bearing). As photosynthetic life proliferated, it absorbed large amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, allowing What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible the earth to cool suffcciciently so that the thick clouds in the atmosphere finally parted, thus, allowing an observer on the surface of the earth to see the sun and the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible moon for the first time (Genesis 1:15-19). Next, God created many different species of the higher life forms such as birds, reptiles and mammals (Genesis 1:20-25). Last of all, God brought to fruition What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible his highest creation: man, человек разумный (Genesis 1:26-28).

It seems reasonable to ask at this point where all the supposed scientific blunders are to be found in this description. The Genesis “myth,” as some What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible call it, does not seem to reflect the lack of knowledge of its authors, but rather shows an uncanny insight into scientific truth. Allowing for the simplification in language God What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible used in order to communicate with a people who were scientifically unsophisticatedof no great sophistication, the first chapter of Genesis just happens to agree in outline with modern scientific knowledge. The Bible believer may not What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible be surprised at this fact, but the skeptic should take note.

To put the account of creation in Genesis into context, it will be helpful to briefly review current What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible scientific theories of the history of the solar system, the origin of the planets, and the effect of life on the chemistry of the earth. The evolutionary theory of stellar formation describes What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible the history of a typical star and its planets. Due to gravitational attraction, at some point the density of a cloud of interstellar matter reaches a critical point. Gravity causes the “cloud,” mostly What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible hydrogen, along with helium and some heavier elements, to condense rapidly. According to the second law of thermodynamics, when gases contract they increase in temperature. Eventually, the material near the center of this cloud What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible condenses and heats to a pressure and temperature sufficient to initiate fusion of hydrogen. The inward pressure created by gravity comes into equilibrium with the outward pressure created by fusion. A star What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible is born.

As the disk-shaped cloud contracts, not all the material falls into the new star. Material with sufficient angular momentum to avoid falling into the star coalesces due to What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible gravity into individual planets. Initially, these planets have thick atmospheres composed mainly of hydrogen and helium, with smaller amounts of methane, andwater, and lesser amounts of other molecules. Because of their smaller size What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible, higher temperature and bombardment by the intense solar wind, the innermost planets lose most of their hydrogen and helium. These planets also lose much of their lighter elements in this What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible manner, causing them to have a significantly higher proportion of the heavier elements than do the outer “gas giants.” [and yet astronomers now consider Jupiter et al to have solid cored What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible—comment needed?] As these inner planets cool, an outer crust of solid rock forms. Volcanism and other geologic activity produce a new atmosphere of heavier molecules such as carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible and nitrogen.

At this point, let us shift our фокус to what scientists believe happened specifically on the earth. There, the proper temperature and sufficient quantity of water allowed the formation of a layer of What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible water to cover the entire planet.68 As the crust cooled, the lighter silicate rocks were pushed upward, forming the continents. As the proper conditions existed to support life, living What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible forms appeared. First, very simple one-celled species were created. Eventually, simple organisms capable of photosynthesizing appeared. This led to the reduction of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, but raised the amount of oxygen to What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible significant levels, creating conditions suitable for respiration. Oxygen-breathing animals appeared. As time passed, ever more complex and adapted species were seen on the earth, first in the water, and What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible later on land.

The account above is a fusion of theory and evidence. It just so happens that there is a striking correlation between the account in Genesis and this picturemodel. Supporters of the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible day/age theory believe that this agreement is not a coincidence. They claim that this striking correlation is evidence that the Genesis creation account is inspired by God.

The What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible strong parallel between the biblical creation account and scientific models leads to another question. Is this agreement with the scientific record unique to the Bible? All ancient cultures had a creation “myth.” Do any of What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible these creation stories have remarkable parallels to scientific models, similar to the Bible? It will be helpful at this point to compare the biblical account of creation to those from What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible cultures and religions of antiquity. For example, Greek mythology includes the claim that all the animals were originally formed by the gods Prometheus and Epimethius. These gods y formed the animalsm What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible from clay molds—analogous to the production of cast iron. Greek myth also includes the idea that Atlas holds the sky up above the earth on his shoulders, as well as the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible view that the sun rides across the sky each day in Apollo’s chariot. It seems impossible to justify such myths scientifically. Living things being created from clay molds, the earth being held up What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible by a powerful god, the sun [circling?] the earth: these claims cannot be мейд to agree with the evidence.

Ancient Egyptian religion included a creation story as well. The common creation What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible myth of the Egyptians was that at the beginning the universe was filled with a primordial ocean called the Nun. The waters of the Nun were stagnant. Out of the limitless flood rose What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible the primeval hill. This primeval hill eventually became the landmass of the earth. The priests of each of the great cult centers of Egypt claimed that their city was the point What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible where the landmass of the earth originated. Some believe the great pyramids at Giza represent the primeval hill. [Any word about Ptah, the craftsman?]


The Babylonian creation myth involved gods emerging What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible from a divine swamp which had existed forever. These gods came out of the swamp in male and female pairs. As the younger gods appeared, they did battle with the older gods What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible. In one battle, Marduk, the son of Ea (the earth God) attacked and killed the first god of all, Tiamat. He caught her in a net and crushed her skull. As the divine What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible blood of Tiamat spilled to earth, the Babylonian creation myth claims that the blood and mud mixed and formed the first humans.

The ancient and traditional religion of Japan is Shinto. Shinto What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible scripture holds that two gods, Izanagi and Izanami, were given a gift of a spear adorned with jewels. At the time of this gift, the earth was a muddy chaos over which the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible gods had flung a bridge. Izanagi and Izanami went out on the celestial bridge and thrust their spear into the muddy chaos. They drew it back, all spattered with mud. Some of the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible mud fell from the spear to earth, and formed one of the Japanese islands. Then these two gods came and took up residence on this island. Out of their union the eight What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible principal islands of Japan were created.

It is difficult to say with authority what the Hindu creation story is, as there are a great number of different and sometimes contradictory lists What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible of gods and myths, depending on what period of Hinduism is being discussed. One myth has the first man, Manu, arriving on an earth devoid of animals. Out of a sacrifice What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible Manu offered to the gods, the first woman was мейд. Manu lusted after the woman, so she changed into a cow. Manu changed himself into a bull, and their offspring were cattle. Next, the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible woman changed into a goat, and Manu changed himself into a he-goat—and so forth—until all the animals were created.

A creation myth of the Native American Indian What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible [some readers will never have heard of the Iroquois] Iroquois nation relates that in the beginning there were two brothers, Enigorio and Enigohahetgea. Onoe was good and one was evil. The former went What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible about the world, furnishing it with gentle streams, fertile plains and good fruits. The latter followed him maliciously, creating rapids, thorns and deserts. Eventually Enigorio turned on his evil brother and crushed What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible him into the earth, where he still lives, receiving the souls of the dead and existing as the author of evil.69

One can add thee could include creation accounts from What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible the Popul Vuh (the ancient Mayan scripture), or from other Native American talesgroups, or from the Buddhist scriptures.. The accounts given here are representative of the genre. These creation accounts make for an What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible interesting study, but it is difficult to take them seriously from a scientific point of view. The Bible is a striking exception to this rule. In fact, it is a unique exception to What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible this rule. Many scholars and theologians put the biblical creation account into the same basket as these manmade myths. It seems to be reasonable to ask whether or not this is What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible good scholarship. Is the Genesis creation account a myth? Where does the evidence lead? Let the reader decide whether the day/age theory is the correct interpretation of Genesis chapter one. However What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible, if the day/age model is correct, then the amazing agreement of Genesis with science becomes evidence that the Creator had a хэнд in producing the Genesis creation story.


^ ASIDE: OTHER What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible CREATION STORIES


Genesis 1:1-2:3 is not the only account of creation in the Bible. For example, Psalm 74:13-17 is a description of how God created nature. More significantly for us, there is a second creation account What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible in Genesis 2:4-25. It is common for Bible critics to attack belief in biblical inerrancy by pointing out what they see as problems with the second creation story in Genesis. The criticisms fall into What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible two categories. First, some make the claim that the two creation stories are irreconcilable—that they are in contradiction with one another. Second, the critics claim that the second creation account What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible is in contradiction with scientific evidence.

A number of scholars believe that the two creation stories in Genesis were written by different authors. They point out differences in writing style and different Hebrew words What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible for the name of God. Some go so far as to claim that the two different creation stories represent opposing schools of Jewish thought. They saypeculate that the editors who put Genesis What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible into its final form had a debate over which account to include, finally deciding to include both creation stories despite their “contradictions.”

Christian tradition has long held that the book of What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible Genesis had one author, and that its author was Moses. The problem with this tradition is that there is no reliable evidence from the text or from ancient sources to support this view What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible (other than the fact that the tradition itself is ancient). There is no theological imperative for Moses being the author of Genesis. In fact the evidence, including the two What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible creation accounts, argues against Moses being the single author of Genesis. Therefore, it is perfectly reasonable to propose that the two creation stories were in fact originally created by different authors.

It is well What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible established that the Old Testament was written by many authors. If the two creation stories did in fact have separate authors, that in and of itself would not affect one’s conclusions What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible about the truth of the Bible. The question to be asked is whether the existence of two creation accounts is evidence of biblical error.

There are two possibilities. Either the differences What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible between the stories are irreconcilable, proving biblical error, or they containare providing different but complimentary information. If this is the case, the inspiration of the Bible remains intact. This question is not What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible unlike one which arises froming in the parallel gospel stories. Many have claimed that the differences among the details found in Matthew, Mark, Luke and John show that the New Testament What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible is filled with errors. The reality is that the parallel gospel accounts are complimentary, not contradictory. They are independent but accurate records of the life and ministry of Jesus Christ.70

In fact What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible, Genesis chapter two (actually, tThe second creation story actually begins in Genesis 2:4, but for simplicity we will call the two accounts “Genesis one” and “Genesis two”) [this parenthesis is too long—it interrupts What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible] is not an account of the creation of the world. It is an account of the creation of Adam and Eve. A study of the second chapter of Genesis will show What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible that it is an account of the creation and fall of man. Genesis 2:4-6 is an extremely brief recounting of the first five “days” of creation. The rest of the chapter is about the first What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible couple. “And God formed man from the dust of the ground” (Genesis 2:7). It represents a relatively small proportion of what is described in Genesis chapter one as having occurred on the sixth day What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible...

Where is the contradiction between the general creation account in the first chapter and the specific description of part of the sixth day in the second chapter of Genesis What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible? There is none. Both creation accounts have the earth, then life, then man being created. Although claims of literary differences are valid, theological disagreement between the two accounts is more a matter of What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible perception than reality.


^ BACK TO THE DAY/AGE THEORY


There are other reasonable criticisms of the day/age theory which literalists or non-believers raise from time to time. It seems fair What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible to ask supporters of the day/age idea, “Why do you choose not to take the text of Genesis chapter one at face value? God said ‘there was evening, and there was morning What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible—the first day’. What is your reason for assuming that God did not mean exactly what he said?”

This certainly is a reasonable question. The intellectually honest believer in the day What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible/age theory will not duck this question. A basic rule of biblical hermeneutics is that the most obvious interpretation of a given biblical passage is usually the correct one. Any interpretation other What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible than what would seem the obvious one must be justified . What is “obvious” is not always clear, but in this case, the twenty-four hour day literalist certainly has a case.

Let What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible us bring in another reasonable question to challenge the non-literal view. It has already been stated that the metaphorical interpretation of the creation days preceded the scientific revolution. Having said that, the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible fact remains that if it were not for the existence of knowledge gleaned from science, very few believers would have been converted to the day/age interpretation. The bottom line in this What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible case is that scientific knowledge has affected the interpretation of scripture. One does not find the following in any list of standard rules of biblical hermeneutics: “Before interpreting any passage, cross-check possible scientific What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible implications with current empirical evidence.” This criticism is the crux of the creationist argument. Philosophically, it was also the underpinning of the charges against Galileo by the Catholic Church in his famous What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible trial over the motion of the earth in 1633. The conservative Catholic hierarchy charged Galileo with heresy for allowing physical observation to trump what was then accepted biblical interpretation (albeit What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible seen through the lens of Aristotelian philosophy). Many are uncomfortable with allowing empirical knowledge of the physical world to influence biblical interpretation. Some believe it is not allowable at all. This is the view of What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible many creationists. Let the reader decide.71

What is the response of the day/age supporter to these challenges? How are they to explain the appearance that they let scientific evidence influence What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible their interpretation of the Bible? The first thing believers in the non-literal interpretation should do is admit that there is some truth to this charge. Despite the fact that this interpretation What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible can be justified by legitimate hermeneutics (see below) [have you defined “hermeneutics” anywhere? This will be an unfamiliar word to most readers], scientific knowledge is indeed playing a role here. To claim otherwise What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible is to be dishonest. Galileo defended his right to teach heliocentrism by saying, “The Bible was written, not to tell us how the heavens go, but how to go What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible to heaven.”72 But does that make it acceptable to reinterpret scripture in light of science?

Speaking on the same subject, no less a theologian than Augustine (354-430 AD) said, “If it happens that What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible the authority of Sacred Scripture is set in opposition to clear and certain reasoning [based on observation], this must mean that the person who interprets the Scripture does not understand it correctly. It What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible is not the meaning of Scripture that is opposed to the truth, but the meaning that the interpreter has tried to give it.”73 The wisdom of Augustine’s words seems inescapable, especially What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible with the hindsight of history. I know of no one who uses the Bible to defend geocentrism today. This is not because the Bible has changed, but because the evidence that the earth spins What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible on its axis is conclusive. However, the reader should be aware that even today many creationists vigorously oppose this hermeneutical approach (letting empirical evidence influence biblical interpretation).

Second, in order What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible to defend the non-literal sense of Genesis one, it should be noted that the Hebrew language used in this chapter may support a metaphorical interpretation of the days of creation What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible. The key Hebrew word [redundant] is the one translated as “day.” This is the word yom. It is the same word contained in the most sacred of Jewish holidays, Yom Kippur, the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible dDay of aAtonement. In order to decide the meaning of yom in the context of Genesis one, let us consider how the word has been rendered in the Old Testament. In Tthe King James What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible version of the Bible of 1611, the word yom is translated as follows:


1181 times as “day” (but with several different connotations

of the word, some not being literal)

67 times as “time”

30 times as What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible “today”

18 times as “forever”

10 times as “continuously”

6 times as “age”

4 times as “life”

2 times as “perpetually”


Clearly, this word has a number of possible meanings, depending on the context. Even when translators use What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible the word day, the connotation is not always a twenty-four hour period. Consider a quote from Isaiah 4:2, “in that day the Branch of the Lord will be beautiful and What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible glorious, and the fruit of the land will be the pride and glory of the survivors in Israel.” Here, even though the translators used the word day in translating yom, the context What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible does not imply a literal twenty-four hour period. Instead, it connotes an indefinite period of time. The “day” being referred to in this prophecy is the entire period of the Christian What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible dispensation.

Translators of Genesis are unanimous in using day for yom (as opposed to time or age or another word) for good reason. The context does seem to demand the use of the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible word day because of its reference to evening and morning. In the end, whether the use of yom is literal or metaphorical is debatable, but the various uses of the word What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible as shown above show proves that it does not have to be literal. In the end, it is unwise to be dogmatic on this issue.74

There is a third point to be raised in support What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible of non-literal creation days in the Genesis account. If one attempts to take the information supplied by the Genesis author literally, the details provided about what happened on the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible sixth “day” appear to argue against a twenty-four hour period. It seems impossible that the number of things described as happening on that day could be compressed into twenty-four hours. This is What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible especially striking if nearly all of Genesis 2:7-24 happened on this day as well.

Let us look at the sixth day of creation as described briefly in chapter one and in more What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible detail in chapter two. On this day, God first created a number of kinds of animals. After this, he created Adam. On the same “day,” Adam named all the creatures in What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible the garden. Despite the novelty of all this, Adam had time to grow very lonely. He fell asleep, and while he was sleeping, Eve was created. It seems hard to believe all What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible this could have happened in a literal, twenty-four hour day.

To summarize, one approach to understanding the Genesis creation account is to assume that each of the six “days” of creation metaphorically represents What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible one of the ages which God used to create the world which we observe around us. It has been shown that, as an outline, the description in Genesis one is in agreement What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible with scientific evidence and models. Yes, there are some legitimate—but not insurmountable—philosophical and hermeneutical questions with regard to this view of creation. However, on balance this is a What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible reasonable view of the Genesis creation account.


^ THE GENESIS MYTH THEORY.


Let us delve into one more approach to thinking about the creation account found in Genesis chapter one. We will now explore What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible the possibility that it is a myth or a fable. According to this view, the biblical creation account is more or less the same as any of dozens of similar What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible creation stories which almost all ancient cultures produced. It has value to the cultural anthropologist or to the historian of religion, but any attempt to find scientifically valid material is certain to fail What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible, because it was produced by a people from a pre-scientific age. To understand the origin of the Genesis story of creation, the avenue most likely to succeed is to compare it to What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible the even older creation myths of the Sumerians, the Akkadians, the Babylonians or the Egyptians. This view is held by the majority of intellectuals in Western culture. It is a virtually What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible unchallenged assumption of the academic elite. As has already been said, for the person who has not studied the mountain of evidence for biblical inspiration, this view appears to be the most logical What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible and reasonable. Given that the Jews did in fact live in a pre-scientific culture, it is what common sense would predict.

First of all, note that the Genesis myth theory does not What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible conflict with current scientific knowledge. It makes no scientific claims, so from a scientific perspective it is an irrefutable hypothesis. In this sense, it is not completely unlike the literal What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible approach (creation with an appearance of age) mentioned above. However, the similarity ends there. Although this theory makes no positive scientific predictions, it does make a negative prediction. In other words, if Genesis What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible one is a fable, then it must contain scientific nonsense. This is where the myth theory breaks down. How can the agreement of the Biblical account of creation with scientific knowledge be What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible explained? This weight of this question is мейд more obvious when the creation story in Genesis is compared to creation myths created by other peoples as described above. The creation stories of the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible Egyptians, the Greeks, the Hindus and others certainly do not jibe with current scientific understanding!

Those who claim that the Genesis creation story is a myth support their conclusion by pointing What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible out parallels with the creation stories of neighboring cultures, especially those of the Sumerians and the ancient Babylonians. The implication is that the Hebrew writers borrowed from the more dominant cultures What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible in Mesopotamia.

To support this they point out that the Sumerian creation story starts with water, is followed by land, which is followed by life. It is possible that the parallel with the Hebrew What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible story is not coincidence, but the Sumerian myth includes multiple gods. The mating of these gods lead to creation of other gods and the creation of life and of human beings What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible. The Sumerian creation model is certainly not in accord with scientific models, nor is it consistent with the orderly nature of creation. Who borrowed from whom? It seems illogical that a creation What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible story which has remarkable scientific accuracy and which implies cosmos rather than chaos cannot be borrowed from the Sumerian, the Babylonian or any other creation account.

Comparison of Genesis one What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible with scientific knowledge implies a transcendent source for the Genesis creation story. Why do most intellectuals miss this strong implication? Perhaps this is partially explained by the fact that the vast majority assume before What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible even asking the question that Genesis is the product of human, not divine wisdom. We have seen many times already that when people begin an investigation by assuming the answer What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible, the final conclusion is a foregone one. Assuming that Genesis is mythical is a poor start for asking in an open-minded way whether there are signs of inspiration in the book. Besides, it requires What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible great courage to defend biblical inspiration in today’s intellectual climate.

The fact is that the overall evidence for inspiration of the Bible is very strong indeed. When one evaluates the weight What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible of the evidence for the inspiration of the Bible, it seems wise to begin by giving the Genesis creation story the benefit of the doubt. Those who have not researched What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible the evidence for biblical inspiration seriously would do well to study the evidence for the resurrection of Christ as well as biblical prophecies about the Messiah.

Speaking for myself, if I had What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible never studied the Old Testament messianic prophecies which predict in amazing detail the birth, life, betrayal, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, I might be less inclined to give the Genesis What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible writer the benefit of the doubt. If I had never pondered the miraculous accuracy of the Bible as history, I might have reached a similar conclusion about the creation story in the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible Bible.75 Obviously, most books are not inspired by God. One should not be surprised that those who have not looked at the totality of the evidence for divine revelation in the Bible reach What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible an incorrect conclusion about Genesis. For them the assumption that Genesis is entirely of human origin seems reasonable. In view of the marks of inspiration which pervade the Bible, and which distinguish it What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible from the writings of all other world religions, it becomes very difficult for a reasonable person to dismiss the book of Genesis as a myth. When the scientific accuracy of the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible Biblical account of creation is compared to the fabulous creation stories of ancient cultures, one cannot help but be impressed with the Bible—the Word of God. Genesis one is not a myth What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible.


CONCLUSION


What is the conclusion of the matter? Four possible explanations of the Genesis creation account have been reviewed. Which is the “right” point of view? Was the earth created over six twenty What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible-four hour periods just a few thousand years ago? Does the gap theory successfully save the evidence for an old earth and the literal interpretation of Genesis? Are the biblical creation What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible days metaphorical representations of great ages? Is the whole thing a myth of human origin? The reader will make his or her own decision. “I do not know yet” is always an option.

In What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible summary, let us evaluate these conclusionstheories. The gap theory is inconsistent with scientific evidence and is not supported by biblical statements or by theological imperative. The Genesis myth theory cannot explain What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible the scientific accuracy of the biblical creation account. Besides, it seems to fly in the face of great evidence for biblical inspiration. The literal creation-with-age view does not What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible directly conflict with scientific evidence because it imposes a supernatural solution to the problem. However, it leaves some nagging theological questions. There may be some legitimate hermeneutical questions about the day/age theory What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible, but it is consistent with biblical theology, with scientific models with empirical evidence, and with the great evidence overall for biblical inspiration. As I have analyzed and considered all the theories I What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible’m convinced that day/age theory is correct. Perhaps my training as a scientist creates a bias against the literal view. As you study you must come to your own conclusion.

Despite all What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible the efforts of scientist and theologians alike, the fact is that one can never absolutely prove how or when the universe was created. It is impossible to go back into the past What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible and do an experiment to determine what happened. The creation event is not reproducible. What we do know is that the universe was created (chapter three). Life exists because of supernatural creation What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible, not random natural forces (chapter four). Scientific evidence supports the claim that these events occurred in the distant past. However, the possibility remains open that God could have created the universe What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible with an appearance of age.

It seems reasonable to ask whether one’s personal interpretation of the first chapter of Genesis is an issue of pivotal importance to Christian faith. Christian teaching can be What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible divided into the essential, the important and the unimportant. Many creationists make strong claims that the acceptance of the literal interpretation of Genesis is an essential aspect of faith in Jesus What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible Christ. One gets a sense from some young earth creationist writings that salvation may hang on whether one accepts the six twenty-four hour day creation doctrine. It is difficult to What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible defend this contention biblically. In this context, the words of Jesus to the Pharisees are appropriate. To those who “majored in the minors,” of the law, Jesus admonished that they had What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible “neglected the more important matters of the law—justice, mercy and faith.” (Matthew 23:23) It is reasonable to assert that any question which does not affect a person’s salvation or his or What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible her daily relationship with God can safely be categorized as an unimportant issue. To quote from Titus 3:9, “But avoid foolish controversies and genealogies and arguments and quarrels about the law, because these are unprofitable and What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible useless.” It seems that heated, drawn out debates about the “correct” interpretation of the Biblical creation account fall into the category of “unprofitable and useless” controversy.

Christians are well advised to think What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible about the issue of creation from a scientific perspective. That is why this chapter was written. It certainly falls into the category of questions about which we should be “prepared What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible to give an answer.” (1 Peter 3:15). This is true, not so much because it is important to believers, but because of its importance to those who potentially may come to believe.

The Genesis What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible creation account is not the only area of scientific knowledge dramatically supporting belief in the inspiration of the Bible. In the next two chapters we will look at a number of remarkable Bible What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible statements and teachings which are in uncanny agreement with scientific evidence. This will provide further reason to believe in the divine authorship of the Bible.





^ For Today


1. In light of the discussion above What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible, what do you believe is the most reasonableand interpretation of Genesis chapter one and two?


2. This chapter leaves the final answer of how to interpret Genesis one to the What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible reader. How do you feel about the fact that there is a significant question about the Bible for which you cannot determine the truth absolutely?


4. Do you believe it is a significant What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible matter to the Christian faith whether Genesis chapter one was intended to be taken literally or not?


Recommendation


Read a book or do a careful study of material available on the internet about creation What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible “myths” and think carefully about the claim in this book that the Genesis account stands alone among these stories.


If you listen carefully to the voice of the Lord your God and What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible do what is right in his eyes, if you pay attention to his commands and keep all his decrees, I will not bring on you any of the diseases I brought on What About Genesis? - Questions about science and the bible the Egyptians, for I am the Lord who heals you.


Exodus 15:26

with-knife-and-fork-with-hat-and-coat-from-top-to-bottom-on-land-and-sea-arm-in-arm-inch-by-inch-day-after-day-from-year-to-year-from-head-to-foot.html
wjec-gcse-english-writing-to-describe.html
wjicllllujr-pp-jtuiri-qvlj-ltilbw-13-glava.html