Water resources: technology, capacity building & scientific exchange






Session

WATER RESOURCES: TECHNOLOGY, CAPACITY BUILDING & SCIENTIFIC EXCHANGE

KEYNOTE SPEECH

Water resources assessment and management in Darfur

Prof. Abdin M.A. Salih, University of Khartoum,

Former President IGC/IHP of UNESCO, Sudan


ABSTRACT


Since 1948, UNESCO has been continually contributing to Water resources: technology, capacity building & scientific exchange the enhancement of knowledge base and capacity to sustainably respond to regional and global changes in water resources. Starting with the Major Project of Arid Zones in the 1950s, later to Water resources: technology, capacity building & scientific exchange the International Hydrological Decade (IHD:1965-1974), and finally the International Hydrological Programme (IHP:1975 to date) which led to considerable contribution to the knowledge base and capacity in managing water resources all Water resources: technology, capacity building & scientific exchange over the world. UNESCO’s фокус has always been to respond to growing changes in the challenges that its member states have to cope with in rationally managing their water resources, particularly Water resources: technology, capacity building & scientific exchange at the regional and global levels. UNESCO’s major success in this direction has been towards the establishment of cooperation mechanisms in working together to deal with regional and global challenges and share experiences Water resources: technology, capacity building & scientific exchange, particularly in arid and semi-arid zones typical to most of the conflict affected region of Darfur.


The Darfur region is suffering from severe water shortage especially in main urban centers with Water resources: technology, capacity building & scientific exchange large concentration of internally displaced people (IDP) and in areas of contact between pastoralists and farmers, giving credence to the widely held view that the Darfur conflict was initiated by competition over Water resources: technology, capacity building & scientific exchange stressed natural resources especially water. The Darfur Joint Assessment Mission (D-JAM, 2004) has highlighted the importance of water as an essential determinant for sustainable recovery, development and peace in the region. Any Water resources: technology, capacity building & scientific exchange plans for re-settlement warrant detailed assessment of water resources, water demand for various uses and provision of water supply from reliable sources taking into consideration strategies that ensure sustainability and rational management Water resources: technology, capacity building & scientific exchange.


This presentation summarizes the results of assessment of surface (Wadis) and groundwater resources and rainwater harvesting potential in Darfur together with assessment of current and future needs for various water uses. Directions Water resources: technology, capacity building & scientific exchange for strategic planning and management of water resources will be proposed through pilot projects at targeted areas. The presentation also outlines the urgent need for capacity development, research and development Water resources: technology, capacity building & scientific exchange, monitoring networks and water information system. Water governance is an important issue which will be tackled in the presentation by reviewing the current governance set-up and proposed directions for improvement. The Water resources: technology, capacity building & scientific exchange study indicates that although the readily available water resources in Darfur are greatly stressed, leading to the current conflict, there are enough water resources to meet current and future needs. However, harnessing Water resources: technology, capacity building & scientific exchange them requires significant external and national funding, but this would be only a marginal portion of the cost paid by the UN for its peace-keeping force and would certainly lead to peace in Water resources: technology, capacity building & scientific exchange a faster and more sustainable way.
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